Antica e nobile famiglia originaria di Savona. Buongiovanni, Vassallo e Castelletto sono tra i cittadini genovesi che giurarono la pace con Pisa nel 1188. Ogerio nel 1380 e Bartolomeo nel 1391, furono consiglieri della Repubblica. Gaspare fu ambasciatore al Duca di Milano nel 1488, governatore di Corsica nel 1489, anziano nel 1493 e 1525. Ascritti nei Di Negro nel 1528. Altro ramo. Antica e nobile famiglia di Settimo Vittone. La presenza del motto nella bibliografia documentata della famiglia ci conferma l’avita nobiltà raggiunta della casata. Infatti l’origine del motto risale a circa il XIV secolo e deve essere ricercata in quei detti arguti che venivano scritti sui vessilli o bandiere dei cavalieri, esposti alle finestre delle locande in cui questi alloggiavano, in occasione dei tornei, e durante i tornei stessi. Il motto era un pensiero espresso in poche parole facente allusione a un sentimento palese o nascosto, a una qualità, a un ricordo storico, per stimolo al coraggio o onore. Era scelta dal capo della famiglia, dal cavaliere entrante in lizza o data dal sovrano al proprio uomo ligio. Motto della famiglia: Libera Me Domine. Altro ramo. Antica e nobile famiglia di Guarene. Motto della famiglia: Vincendum aut moriendum. . Riguardo a questo cognome abbiamo ritrovato ulteriori informazioni storiche in altri archivi. Purtroppo in lingua originale Inglese. Over the centuries the name S. Pietro may have had many changes and the present form, according to our studies, appears to be different from the original. It is important to realize that the name may have gone through dialect variations, contractions, shortened forms of the original one, lenitions, errors due to incorrect transcriptions and voluntary changes. Therefore, we believe that the surname S. Pietro came originally from Pietro, on which we are able to provide the following historical and heraldic information taken from bibliographic sources of Araldicus: This Italian Last Name of PIETRO was of the baptismal group of last names meaning ‘the son of Pietro’ a name meaning ‘rock’. The name was extremely popular throughout Christian Europe in the Middle Ages, as it had been bestowed by Christ as a byname on the apostle Simon bar Jonah, the brother of Andrew. The name was chosen for its symbolic significance, is a translation of the Aramaic ‘kefa’ meaning a rock. St. Peter is regarded as the founding father of the Christian church, and in Christian Germany in the 14th century was the most frequent given name. A noble member of the name was PIETRO Martire Vermigli (PIETRO Martyr) born in 1500, the Florentine reformer. He became Augustinian canon and abbot at Spoleto and Naples. He became very unpopular with his order in 1541, owing to his rigour, and he was sent to Lucca as prior. There he came under the influence of the Spanish reformer Juan de Valdes, and soon fell under the suspicions of the Inquisition, and he fled to Zurich in 1542. In 1547 he went to England, and was professor of divinity at Oxford (1541-53). His ‘Loci Cummunes’ was printed in London in 1575. He died in 1562. The rise of last names, according to the accepted theory, was due to the Norman Conquest of 1066. It is frequently assumed that men ‘adopted’ their last names. Some certainly did, but the individual himself had no need for a label to distinguish him from his fellows. The development of the feudal system made it essential that the king should know exactly what service each knight owed. Payments to and by the exchequer required that debtors and creditors should be particularized. Monasteries drew up surveys and extents with details of tenants of all classes in their services. Any description which identified the man was satisfactory, his father’s name, the name of his land, or a nickname known to be his. The upper classes mostly illiterate, were those with whom the officials were chiefly concerned and among them last names first became numerous and hereditary. The associated coat of arms is recorded in Rietstaps Armorial General. Registered in Italy. (Pietra)… Noble title: Nobili Coat of arms: D’azzurro, a due chiavi d’oro, passate in croce di Sant’ Andrea, legate dello stesso, gl’ingegni in alto, affrontat… Altri cognomi trovati: Pietro, Pietra, Pietri, Pedro, Petra, Petre, Petri, Petry, Piedra, Pitre, …
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