Originaria di Siena, al tempo delle civili discordie fu trapiantata in Ferrara da un Francesco il quale vi fu bene accolto da Obizzo VII Estense che lo aggregò alla nobiltà ferrarese. Da lui discese quel Gerardo che fu consigliere di Alfonso I, referendario di Corte ed autore di varie opere di letteratura. Nel 1600 la famiglia fu dal governo pontificio registrata nel libro d’oro e aggregata alle 27 di perpetuo Consiglio. Marco creato Vescovo di Volterra da Gregorio XIII. Altro ramo. Antica e nobile famiglia originaria delle Marche. ll commendator G.B. di Crollalanza riporta la blasonatura di questa famiglia nei volumi del suo Dizionario storico blasonico delle famiglie nobili e notabili italiane. Altra antica e nobile famiglia originaria del Piemonte e consignori di Brondello. Motto della famiglia: Antiquitate et virtute. Altro ramo. Ascritta al sedile di Nido, à goduto nobiltà in Lecce, Polignano, Giovinazzo e Matera.. Riguardo a questo cognome abbiamo ritrovato ulteriori informazioni storiche in altri archivi. Purtroppo in lingua originale Inglese. : The associated coat of arms for this name are recorded in J.B Rietstaps Armorial General. Illustrated by V & H.V Rolland’s. This Monumental work took 23 years to complete and 85,000 coats of Arms are included in this work. The Italian and Spanish Last Name of SARACENI was of two-fold origin. It was a baptismal name meaning ‘the son of Sara’ meaning ‘Princess’. The name was popular during the Middle Ages, having been borne by the wife of Abraham in the bible. It was also a nickname for someone of swarthy appearance or for an unruly person, or perhaps for someone who had taken part in a Crusade. The name has numerous variant spellings which include SARACEN, SARRASIN, SARRAZIN, SARACINO, SARSONS and SERRAINO, to name but a few. Surnames having a derivation from nicknames form the broadest and most miscellaneous class of last names, encompassing many different types of origin. The most typical classes refer adjectivally to the general physical aspect of the person concerned, or to his character. Many nicknames refer to a man’s size or height, while others make reference to a favoured article of clothing or style of dress. Many last names extrapolated from the names of animals and birds. In the Middle Ages ideas were held about the characters of other living creatures, based on observation, and these associations were reflected and reinforced by large bodies of folk tales featuring animals behaving as humans. The word SARACEN was also a Greek and Roman term for an Arab, used in the Middle Ages by Europeans for all Muslims. The equivalent term used in Spain was Moor. It was not until the 10th century that modern hereditary last names first developed, and the use of stable names spread, first to France, and then England, then to Germany and all of Europe. In these parts of Europe, the individual man was becoming more important, commerce was increasing and the exact identification of each man was becoming a necessity. Even today however, the Church does not recognise last names. Baptisms and marriages are performed through use of the Christian name alone. Thus hereditary names as we know them today developed little by little during the 11th to the 15th century in the various European states…. Noble title: Nobili Coat of arms: D’azzurro, al Saraceno nudo al naturale, attortigliato d’argento e fasciati i fianchi dello stesso, movente dalla pianura erbosa, tenente colla destra una scimitarra, e la sinistra appoggiata sopra uno scudet…
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