Famiglia originaria della Basilicata di antica e nobile tradizione propagatasi, nel corso dei secoli, in diverse regioni d’Italia. La cognominizzazione, anteriore al XVII secolo, dovrebbe derivare dal toponimo San Chirico Raparo (Pt), probabile luogo di origine del capostipite. I nomi dei Chirico si trovano, di sovente, menzionati in documenti ed atti notarili, sin dai secoli trascorsi, dai quali appare la loro elevata condizione. Ricordiamo, tra i molti: Federico, console generale della Repubblica di Ragusa, menzionato in una epistola del conte Carlo Vidua, pubblicata nel 1834; Giuseppe, di Francesco, feudatario in Napoli, vivente nel 1838; D. Giuseppe, canonico firmatario di una petizione a Pio IX P.M., nel 1862; Andrea, poeta lucano, del XIX secolo. I cognomi così antichi rendono decoro non solo alle famiglie ma anche alle città che li hanno accolti; pare siano, infatti, molto riguardevoli i soggetti viventi di questa famiglia che, con tanto decoro, sostentano questo nobile cognome, che ha avuto vari soggetti illustri.. Riguardo a questo cognome abbiamo ritrovato ulteriori informazioni storiche in altri archivi. Purtroppo in lingua originale Inglese. : As the agricultural depression of southern Italy worsened towards the end of the 19th century, people started to escape to the New World. The exodus started in earnest in 1887 with Brazil and other parts of Latin America being the original destinations. By 1893, the economy had improved in the United States and people headed there from Italy in greater and greater numbers. In 1898 there were more Italian immigrants to the USA than from any other state. In the post war era, more than a quarter of Italians left the state for a new life. They joined a flood of immigrants to America which was averaging a million a year in the pre war years. The origins of Italian last names are not clear, and much work remains to be done on medieval Italian records. It seems that stable bynames, in some cases hereditary, were in use in the Venetian Republic by the end of the 10th century. The typical Italian Last Name endings are ‘i’ and ‘o’, the former being characteristic of northern Italy. The singular form ‘o’ is more typical of southern Italy. A noble member of the name was Georgio de CHIRICO (1888-1978) the Italian artist, born in Volo, Greece. He studied in Athens and Munich, working later in Paris and with CARRA in Italy, where he helped to found the VALORI PLASTICI review in 1918. In 1929 he wrote ‘Hebdomeros’ a dream novel, but in the 1930’s he renounced all his previous work and reverted to an academic style. He published his autobiography ‘Memorie della mia vita’ in 1945. Surnames as we know them today were first assumed in Europe from the 11th to the 15th Century. The employment in the use of a second name was a custom that was first introduced from the Normans. They themselves had not long before adopted them. It became, in course of time, a mark of gentler blood, and it was deemed a disgrace for gentlemen to have but one single name, as the meaner sort had. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield and embroidered on his surcoat, the flowing and draped garment worn over the armour…. Noble title: Cavalieri
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