Antica e nobile famiglia dell’Emilia Romagna con residenza nella città di Bologna. Da remoto tempo non sono pervenute più notizie della suddetta dinastia. Molte famiglie posero la loro dimora in Bologna, perchè considerata ne’ tempi più remoti famosa trà le Repubbliche, per il valore de’ suoi Capitani, per la dottrina de’ suoi Giureconsulti, per i molti Rettori di diverse città, e per l’autorità de’ suoi Magistrati. Le memorie di alcune famiglie che per avventura si conservano con decoro, e che ne’ tempi antichi hanno al di lei splendore cooperato; e benchè il tempo distruggitor del tutto abbia frà le rovine, incendi de gl’Archivi in diverse congiunture, e per le discordie civili, e per l’invasione de’ barbari consumate in gran parte le scritture avanti il 1260, pur tuttavia la famiglia ha diligentemente conservato diverse pergamene, e trattati appartenuti a questa sua casata.. Riguardo a questo cognome abbiamo ritrovato ulteriori informazioni storiche in altri archivi. Purtroppo in lingua originale Inglese. : This Last Name of LANDA was extrapolated from the Old French ‘lauender’ and was a nickname for a washerwoman or launderer. The name was rendered in medieval documents in the Latin form LAVENDARIUS. The term was euniquely applied to a worker in the wool industry who washed the raw wool or rinsed the cloth after fulling, and would have been used in reference to the use of lavender oil in perfuming freshly washed cloth. The name is also spelt LAUN, LAUND, LAVANDER, LAVANDIER and LAVATOR. The name was brought to England with the Conqueror in 1066, and the earliest record of the name appears to be Ysabelle la LAUENDERE who was recorded in Oxford in the year 1263. Alice de LAVANDER was recorded in 1273 in County Bedfordshire and Thomas LAUNDER of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. The name had been found in Cos. Kilkenny and Tipperary since the 13th century, as LEAINDI. French, or rather Norman French, was the language of the aristocracy and the upper classes in England at the time stable last names were being developed, it is therefore not surprising that many of our well-known family names are extrapolated from French words. Originally only Christian or personal names were used, and although a few came into being during the 10th century, last names were not widely used until much later, when people started to realize the prestige of having a second name. Later instances of the name include William LAUNDER, who registered at the University of Oxford in the year 1538 and Richard Morris married Ann LAVENDER at St. George’s, Hanover Square, London in 1752. Surnames as we know them today were first assumed in Europe from the 11th to the 15th Century. The employment in the use of a second name was a custom that was first introduced from the Normans. They themselves had not long before adopted them. It became, in course of time, a mark of gentler blood, and it was deemed a disgrace for gentlemen to have but one single name, as the meaner sort had. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield and embroidered on his surcoat, the flowing and draped garment worn over the armour…. Noble title: Nobili Coat of arms: Inquartato incroce di S. Andrea, d’azzurro, ad una stella di rosso, e di rosso ad una stella d’azzurro, alla croce di S. Andrea d’oro, attraversante sull’inquartat…
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