Antica e nobile famiglia del Trentino con residenza nella città di Trento. Domenico-Antonio, principe-vescovo di Trento, con diploma 11 maggio1740, creò nobile ereditario trentino Lodovico notaro di Trento. Numerosi autori della famiglia descrissero eventi e personaggi, attribuirono ad essa varie origini senza alcuna valida attestazione. La moderna critica storica ha, sulla scorta sicura dei documenti, fatto ragione delle artificiose ricostruzioni genealogiche di quegli scrittori che, per compiacente spirito d’adulazione, pretesero far discendere questa famiglia da nobili e antiche prosapie come quella di altre famiglie. Il commendatore G.B. di Crollalanza, nella sua opera ” il Dizionario Storico-Blasonico, opera che in vari decenni e con l’aiuto di altri storici ne ha rintracciato l’esistenza veritiera sulla scorta di documenti e ricerche effettuate nei secoli passati.. Riguardo a questo cognome abbiamo ritrovato ulteriori informazioni storiche in altri archivi. Purtroppo in lingua originale Inglese. : This Jewish and German Last Name was from the Aramaic male given name LAZAR, a form of the Hebrew male name ELAZAR composed of the elements EL (god) and AZAR (help) and meaning ‘may God help him’ or ‘God has helped’. In the New Testament, this was the name of the brother of Martha and Mary who were restored to life by Christ (John II: 1-4). According to an ancient popular tradition, after the death of Christ he came to Province with his two sisters and became the bishop of Marseilles. As a German or English name it may be a nickname for a beggar. When traditional Jews were forced to take family names by the local bureaucracy, it was an obligation imposed from outside traditional society, and people frequently took the names playfully and let their imaginations run wild by choosing names which corresponded to nothing real in their world. No one alive today can remember the times when Jews took or were given family names (for most Ashkenazim this was the end of the 18th century or the beginning of the 19th) although many remember names being modified after emigration to other states, such as the United States and Israel in recent years. Surnames as we know them today were first assumed in Europe from the 11th to the 15th Century. They were not in use in England or in Scotland before the Norman Conquest, and were first found in the Domesday Book. The employment in the use of a second name was a custom that was first introduced from the Normans. They themselves had not long before adopted them. It became, in course of time, a mark of gentler blood, and it was deemed a disgrace for gentlemen to have but one single name, as the meaner sort had. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield and embroidered on his surcoat, the flowing and draped garment worn over the armour. The lion depicted in the arms is the noblest of all wild beasts which is made to be the emblem of strength and valour, and is on that account the most frequently borne in Coat-Armour…. Noble title: Nobili Coat of arms: Spaccato; nel primo d’argento, al leone di rosso, uscente dalla partizione; nel secondo d’azzurro, a quattro bande d’or…
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