La città, mediante il pagamento di lire 7500, veniva infeudata, il 2 gennaio 1743, dal duca Carlo Emanuele III, del cascinale di Monte e investita il 4 marzo successivo col titolo comitale. Il Comune è iscritto nell’Elenco Ufficiale Nobiliare Italiano col titolo di conte del Monte. A questa famiglia ha appartenuto il titolo di Conte, titolo che solevasi dagli imperatori a coloro che erano al loro fianco. Da questi Conti si sceglieva coloro che venivano destinati a soprintendere agli uffizi del regio palazzo, ed altri erano mandati al governo delle provincie dell’impero ed a gurdare i confini. Erano poi altri conti, estranei ai cennati uffizi, come quelli addetti all’annona, al commercio; ed anche i provveditori dell’esercito si ebbero quel titolo. Ai tempi dei Goti la dignità di Conte fu pur mantenuta a parecchi pubblici funzionari; ed i Longobardi ancora dissero i loro governatori conti o castaldi.. Riguardo a questo cognome abbiamo ritrovato ulteriori informazioni storiche in altri archivi. Purtroppo in lingua originale Inglese. : This Last Name VALENZA is an English and Scottish Last Name of Norman origin, from Valence in Drome, France, or from Valencia in Spain. The name is also spelt VALLANCE, VALLANS, VALANCE and VALENTIA. The name was brought into England in the wake of the Norman Invasion of 1066. The family were prominent in Scotland at an early period. Roger, youngest son of Roger of England, came to Scotland and received the lands of Kilbride, which by his daughter and heiress was carried to the Cummins family. Philip de Valonis, the fifth son of Roger of England, also came to Scotland at the time of Malcolm IV. and had from William the Lion, a grant of the baronies of Panmure and Bervie. In 1174 he was one of the hostages for the observance of William the Lion, and was witness to many charters of that king to the abbeys of Kelso, Neubotle and Arbroath. He also held high office within the court, and he died in November 1215. He was succeeded by his son, William de Wallonis, who witnessed a charter by Malcolm, earl of Fife in 1217, and died in 1219, leaving an heiress, Christina de Valoniis, who married Sir Peter de Maules. Alba, the state which became Scotland, was once shared by four races; the Picts who controlled most of the land north of the Central Belt; the Britons, who had their capital at Dumbarton and held sway over the south west, including modern Cumbria; the Angles, who were Germanic in origin and annexed much of the Eastern Borders in the seventh century, and the Scots. The latter came to Alba from the north of Ireland late in the 5th century to establish a colony in present day Argyll, which they named Dalriada, after their homeland. The Latin name SCOTTI simply means a Gaelic speaker. Other records of the name mention Symon Walense, who was rector of the church of Kynspinidi in 1269, and William de Valoynes of Fife was recorded in 1296. Andrew Valance was the baillie of Edinburgh in 1392. James of Wallance, lord of Inchegalle, who witnessed a charter in Fife in 1395. Robert Valance held land in Aberdeen in 1451, and John Valency was a tenant of the bishop of Aberdeen in 1511. William Wallange was a member of the Skinner’s Craft in Edinburgh in 1533. James Vallance of Postle was the overseer for the election of magistrates for Stranraer in 1689. Luke Vallange was baillie of Biggar in 1718…. Noble title: Conti Coat of arms: D’argento, alla torre sostenuta da due leoni affrontati, il tutto al naturale…
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